UK govt says it welcomes investment from Beijing but not in strategic areas
The United Kingdom’s prime minister has said the nation will not “pitchfork away” investment from China, despite ongoing differences between the two countries.
Speaking ahead of the Global Investment Summit in London on Tuesday, Boris Johnson said China will continue to play a “gigantic part” in the British economy for many years to come.
Christopher Bovis, a professor of international business law at the University of Hull, said Johnson’s remarks “signaled a cautious return to the pre-Brexit climate of FDI (foreign direct investment) relations between the UK and China”.
The relationship between Beijing and London has soured in recent years, in part because of the differences on issues related to Hong Kong and Britain’s decision to remove Chinese companies from its 5G communications network, but Johnson insisted he is still a fan of China.
“I am no Sinophobe, very far from it. China is a great country, a great civilization,” he said in an interview with Bloomberg. “But that does not mean that we should be naive in the way we look at our critical natural infrastructure.
“We should be cautious about how we handle our CNI (critical national infrastructure) and about how we handle FDI from China … that is why we have brought in some of the legislation that we have.”
The UK government has already introduced legislation that makes it more difficult for foreign investors to take major stakes in critical national infrastructure because of security concerns.
Last month, the Financial Times reported ministers were exploring ways to exclude China General Nuclear from involvement in building a 20-billion-pound ($20.78 billion) nuclear power plant in Suffolk, called Sizewell C.
But the government has said Chinese companies are welcome to invest in non-strategic parts of the British economy.
Johnson said: “I’m not going to tell you the UK government is going to pitchfork away every overture from China. China is a gigantic part of our economic life and will be for a long time－for our lifetime.”
UK imports from China amounted to 67.6 billion pounds ($93.5 billion) in the year to June, an increase of nearly 40 percent on last year, which makes China the UK’s third-largest trading partner, according to UK statistics.
Bovis said he is confident “the power of free trade and the necessity for sectoral integration of energy markets and carbon reduction industrial policies will be the catalyst for trade normalization between the UK and China”.
Chris Rudd, deputy vice-chancellor and head of the Singapore campus of Australia’s James Cook University, said the UK determines its stance on long-term strategic measures, such as policy on foreign relations and FDI, on whatever is likely to drag the next free trade agreement over the line.
“What is inescapable is that having set out to place maximum distance between itself and European institutions and now having failed to harvest the ‘low hanging fruits’ of FTAs with the United States and Australia, the UK needs its remaining international friends very badly indeed,” he said.
The many different trade and aid policies being pursued by China globally have been heavily criticised but can developing countries become more independent or will China’s policy reform?